Cleaning and maintaining your gun helps preserve their value and usefulness. It gives you a sense of relief that your gun will work and do what you need them to do in case of someone breaking in or trying to go in self-defense mode.
Good maintenance habits help you know your gun better and have more confidence in its performance at the range or in the field. Follow the following steps when cleaning your handgun.
Get your Cleaning Kit
You will need a few things from the store to complete your cleaning supplies. Some brands sell pre-assembled cleaning kits already, while some let you assemble the components individually. Either way, these are the most basic supplies you should have in your arsenal of cleaning supplies:
- Lubricant or gun oil
- Cleaning solvent
- Bore brush
- Patch holder and patches
- Cleaning rod
- Nylon cleaning brush
- Cotton swabs
- Microfiber cloths
Stay in a Well-Ventilated Area
Go to a place with good air circulation to clean your guns. Solvent fumes are noxious and can make you sick, as well as the solvent and lubricant. Try covering your work surface with plastic bags or old towels.
Unload and Remove Bolt
Of course, you need to make sure your handgun is unloaded. Take the time to do it properly and double-check to make sure it’s unloaded every time.
Read the owner’s How to clean a gun manual for specific gun model instructions and remove the clips or magazines. Lock open the action, brush with solvent, clean, dry off, and lightly lube the bolt.
Semi-automatic pistols and rifles will generally be stripped into their major components: barrel, slide, guide rod, frame, and magazine. Revolvers, shotguns, and most other sorts of guns will not need to be stripped to clean them.
Swab and Scrub Bore
Run a cleaning rod with an attached bronze brush soaked in gun solvent down the barrel and out the muzzle while the cleaned bolt is set aside. Do this action again if the barrel is still dirty. Let it sit for 10-15 minutes to let the solvent dissolve.
Then, run the solvent soaked bronze brush down the barrel again several times to loosen the gunk in the barrel. If you are a professional target shooter, you can try unscrewing the brush at the muzzle at each stroke of the cleaning rod rather than pulling it back up and out of the chamber.
Run a cloth patch down the bore to push out any excess carbon. Take the patch off the rod, put on a clean one, and then pull the rod back out the chamber end. Repeat this step with the brush scrubbing.
Run Bore with Patches
Soak patches and run them down the battel and out of the end of the muzzle. Replace with a clean patch regularly until you are satisfied with the relative cleanliness. They may never come out completely white, but if they come out black, with shades of blue and green, then keep cleaning. The solvent can turn a lot of barrel fowling bluish or green.
It is not true that guns perform better with more oil. After the swabbing and scrubbing, a light coat of rust prevention oil is just needed. Soft cotton cloth can help you apply it to the metal surfaces of the gun. You can also apply a very little amount to the wood stock.
Wear a cotton glove when lubricating your handgun to keep your fingerprints from ending up on the metal. When storing your gun, do not put any firearm in any kind of a sealed case, either fabric or plastic for long term