The sea is a lesser frequented realm by humans. There are villages built near the oceans or right at the middle on an island, but the sea itself is only visited from time to time. It is important to know the basic survival tips when open waters become a threat to your lives. Here are the guidelines to follow when encountering disasters in the ocean.
CNN shares a step-by-step guide on surviving while at sea. One of the steps presented is to rely upon the environment to find water sources and keep yourself hydrated. We have also previously shared some tips on how to find water in the wild, and this time, you’ll learn how to source them out from the waters.
Are all those waters you see around good sources? No, since saltwater may not be suitable for drinking. However, there are solutions. What you can so is to have a plastic tarpaulin catch rainwater and drain it to pour these waters into a container. If you don’t have a tarpaulin, you can use moisture-absorbent fabric. Sails can also be utilized to capture water, as well as shirts, rafts, bottles, and other containers. Do not drink salt water because it instead makes you more dehydrated and could be fatal.
Knock on wood, you can either find your boat capsized or your plane makes an emergency landing toward the ocean. Staying afloat is a topmost priority when finding yourself isolated in the middle of the ocean. The first level of protection is to keep yourself floating and paddle with a support like a lifeboat, a dislocated door, or raft. If these items are not nearby, have these tips handy:
- Lie on your back when the water is calm.
- Allow the body to float but remember, keep the head above the water line. Keep in this position until rescuers arrive or you find presence of land.
- When the water is rough, lie face down and allow the body to float. Until you need air, continue in this position.
- Lift your head only when to breathe and then go back face down. Exhale underwater.
Be guided by the stars
In times like these, the stars over at the skies will be your ultimate guide. Find Polaris, the most prominent star that indicates North, through looking for patterns that include the Plough or the Big Dipper. If you are below the Earth’s equator, find the long axis of the Southern Cross and extend a line downward, around four and half times the length of the axis. Then, locate the stars Hadar and Rigil Kent by the left side of the Southern Cross. Once you have spotted the midpoint between these stars and visualized a perpendicular line from that point until the tip of the line from the Southern Cross, that intersection tells the South Pole.
Keep away from predators
Among the deadliest predators at sea are the sharks. Their bite can be deadly, what more from a full attack. They are very common that you have to be aware of the tips to avoid attracting them. Keep in mind that the risks of finding these species are more in coral reef areas. Swim with smooth and even strokes, those movements that won’t attract these sharks.
What to do during a nearby attack? A shark is on the way to eat you when it hunches it back, lowers down its fins, and rushes in a zigzag direction. Use your spear, gun, knife, or any other material to counter the looming attack. You can also punch its nose, a sensitive area of its body or stab its eyes and gills. Submerge into the seafloor and wait as it leaves the area.