Previously, you have learned about the guidelines on how to survive (and also, how to treat) snake bites. Right now, we’re tackling about another survival how-to and this time, it will be about what to do to survive a bear attack. Here are the things that you should know.
Learn about the bear species
Bears are truly adorable creatures and true enough, they have been subject matter to many materials on pop culture. But they could be deadly sometimes, and when they need food to eat and spot meat (including humans) within their vantage points, you are not spared. The first thing to do in order to survive a bear attack is to be knowledgeable about the species of these bears. You may know what to do to handle an attack, but when the skills you have are for another type of species, you’re in the wrong direction.
- Black bears. The color of bears of this kind range from black to blond, and they weigh anywhere between 125 to 660 pounds. Their muzzles are usually lighter in hue than their bodies, and many of these creatures usually have a white patch on the throat or chest area. Some of the distinguishing features include having a straight face, small head, and dark-shaded and short claws.
- Grizzly bears. Another name for brown bears, these creatures are commonly found in North America and across the Eurasian region. They weigh heavier than black bears, at up to 1,500 pounds. The color of their fur is roughly the same as the black bears, but they have a fur that is “grizzled” to appear silver-tipped, thus the name. They can also grow up to 12 feet tall. Notice their hump on their shoulders and long curved claws.
- Sloth bears. Another type of bear that could attack you are sloth bears. They grow up to six feet long, weight to up to 310 pounds, and stand to three feet high at the shoulder level.
- Polar bears. Tame on the outside, but wild on the inside. If you travel in the wintery regions of the Earth, polar bears set the tone of the ecosystem. They can also weigh up to 1,500 pounds but their fur is colored white and you can notice that their torso is more elongated, plus they tend to have longer skull and nose.
Always carry a bear pepper spray
Several hunters and campers have already imbibed on this tip by heart. Always bring a bear pepper spray with you because they come in handy to avoid getting injured when a bear aims to attack you. Having said that, don’t just use any pepper spray but select ones that are designed for an incoming bear attack. The recommended one is the formulation with highly concentrated capsaicin spray that emits a large cloud to stop the bear in its tracks.
Know how to move
We might call this as maneuvering your body with the bear, and this means knowing how to move in order to either calm the bear that sees you from a distance or simply to offer protection for yourself.
Don’t run. Especially with a grizzly bear right at your midst, running prompts the bear to chase you and this is a nightmare. Many bear species can run up to 30 miles per hour. Instead of running, stand on your ground. Then, once the bear continues to attack even with your pepper spray in place or when you do not have a spray with you, curl to the ground in the fetal position. Playing dead is also a recommended option.
Fight your way out
Should you go boxing with the bear? This may be an overstatement, but if you must, you can use your fist and punches to land on the bear’s nose and key parts of their body that weaken them down. Use all means like rocks or sticks to fight your way out with the aim to escape from the attack. Be careful about using guns when necessary.
With all of these tips in mind, you can face one of the toughest creatures in the wild. Lastly, once you believe you have control of the situation, immediately run away from the area to avoid further attacks.