The frequency of earthquakes across many parts of the globe has prompted several agencies and businesses to spearhead earthquake drills that will practice preparedness measures among individuals. They help greatly in survival. Nevertheless, these drills may only do as much since the scenarios during the actual occurrence of the disaster are very different. Panic looms so a person should know the details on surviving during the earthquake. Head over to the rest of our post today to know the things to prepare and what to do during the earthquake.
Since the start of 2019, data from the United States Geological Survey have recorded more than 2,000 earthquakes scattered across places and in different magnitudes. The strongest of them happened in Ecuador on February 22, with magnitude 7.5.
Earthquakes occur when rock underground breaks along a fault. This causes a sudden release of energy that brings seismic waves, enabling the ground to shake. These happen across a spectrum of different magnitudes. These calamities may also happen underwater and are known as tsunamis.
Preparation before the earthquake
Before the earthquake, make sure that you have a comprehensive preparedness measure, detailing the things that you want to save and supplies that you will purchase once you are in evacuation areas. First, prepare the emergency kit. The kit should include essentials like first aid tools, medication, and important documents that you need to secure when relocation is required. Earthquakes have massive impacts and can totally wipe out personal belongings.
Participate in earthquake drills regularly held in your community or in the office. These are usually founded on the concept of the drop, cover, and hold. Furthermore, a family emergency communications plan will also be of great help. It includes emergency contact information, evacuation plans, and centers to meet once the earthquake happens. Preparedness also entails making a supply kit that includes food and water that last for several days, flashlight, wireless chargers, extra batteries, whistle, and fire extinguisher.
During the disaster and aftershocks
Your survival is most of the time only at your fingertips. Once the earthquake arrives, stay indoors if you are indoors. Implement the drop, cover, and hold principle, and avoid running away from where you are positioned. Do not panic.
Use the space beneath the table or along the interior wall, and stay right there during the shake. This will give protection from falling debris. Avoid taking cover beside mirrors, hanging objects, heavy furniture and appliances, fireplaces, and windows. Turn off the kitchen stove and seek for a place to cover yourself. If you are outdoors, move to an area far from falling objects and avoid electrical power lines.
Once the earthquake subsides, there are also survival tips to follow. Check if you have been injured or your companions need help from these injuries. They say that the earthquake aftermath is more impactful for an individual. Avoid using any electrical appliances at this time since the earthquake might have altered the wiring and might cause ignition. If you are in coastal areas that may be prone to tsunami aftershocks, go inland or seek higher ground.
With these earthquake survival tips and preparedness measures, you can make sure that your life will not be put at stake and you can also help other people get through the disaster.